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A protective wax film used by the bees to seal the honey into the cells of the comb. This wax, collected while the honey is being harvested is then melted in a bain-marie. Known as virgin beeswax, it is particularly precious because it is produced exclusively within the year. Honey deposits are the great energy resource during the winter months and they need to be protected from predators, the light, bad weather and especially from the damp. Being hygroscopic, honey tends to absorb water. If the humidity exceeds 18% there is a risk of fermentation and damage. Honey should be stored in tightly closed jars in a dry place away from heat and light. In other words, in a way as similar to that of the bees as possible.
From flower to jar, the processing of honey is extremely simple. The plant world produces the raw materials: nectar and honeydew. The bee collects them and carries them in the honey sac, then turns o them into honey by a process of concentration, excess water evaporation, sugar transformation and enzyme addition; lastly the honey is stored in the honeycomb. It is from here that it can be taken, but before removing the combs the layer of wax (operculum) covering the cells has to be eliminated. The honey is extracted centrifugally using a special piece of equipment. The honey is now ready to be eaten, although particles of wax and any small impurities need to be removed beforehand. Any air bubbles formed while the honey is being extracted also have to be eliminated through filtering and decanting.